Suicide Bombings

    • Title: Suicide Bombings
    • Author(s) / Editor(s): Riaz Hassan (Author)
    • Publisher: Routledge
    • Year: 2011
    • ISBN-10: 0415588863
    • ISBN-13: 978-0415588867
    • Language: English
    • Pages: 128
    • Size / Format: 1,4 mb / pdf
    • Link: www.link.com
    • Password: falastinpress

Description: Suicide Bombings is a Routledge Shortcuts version of Riaz Hassan’s longer book Life as a Weapon: The Global Rise of Suicide Bombings (Routledge, 2011), a study of suicide bombing around the world. Prof Hassan came to this topic via the study of suicide and therefore, provides a different perspective on terror attacks than most other authors. The book provides very detailed information on the rate and type of suicide bombings from 1981 to 2006. According to Prof Hassan, suicide bombings are nothing new to history but have taken a new turn in the modern era as a weapon of political frustration. He examines the history of suicide bombing over the last three decades and explains the reasons, not only why people resort to this type of attack, but also why individuals agree to participate. Prof Hassan provides us with an explanation that does not rely on religion or psychosis but quite rational motivations based on groups of individuals being driven into what they see as a position of last resort. This is a thorough analysis of the field and I highly recommend it. I think it is a book that should be read widely and can change the nature of political debate on this issue.

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Water as a Human Right for the Middle East and North Africa

    • Title: Water as a Human Right for the Middle East and North Africa
    • Author(s) / Editor(s): Asit K. Biswas (Editor), Eglal Rached (Editor), Cecilia Tortajada (Editor)
    • Publisher: Routledge
    • Year: 2008
    • ISBN-10: 0415461359
    • ISBN-13: 978-0415461351
    • Language: English
    • Pages: 208
    • Size / Format: 4,9 mb / pdf
    • Link: www.link.com
    • Password: falastinpress

Description: Access to safe drinking water and proper sanitation is essential for human survival and for maintenance of a decent quality of life. Currently, more than a billion people do not have access to safe drinking water and more than two billion people lack proper sanitation. In 1992, the United Nations proclaimed that water should be considered to be a human right. This position, however, has not been accepted by many developed and developing countries.

This book systematically and comprehensively analyzes the legal development of the concept of water as a human right; implications for the national governments, and international and national organizations for the implementation of this concept; progress made in different Middle East and North African countries to provide every individual access to clean water and sanitation, constraints faced to assure universal access to water-related services and how these constraints can be overcome, and an overall research agenda in areas where more knowledge is necessary.

The Israel/Palestine Question

    • Title: The Israel/Palestine Question
    • Author(s) / Editor(s): Ilan Pappe (Editor)
    • Publisher: Routledge
    • Year: 1999
    • ISBN-10: 0415169488
    • ISBN-13: 978-0415169486
    • Language: English
    • Pages: 292
    • Size / Format: 2,1 mb / pdf
    • Link: www.link.com
    • Password: falastinpress

Description: This study assimilates diverse interpretations of the origins of the Middle East conflict with emphasis on the fight for Palestine and its religious and political roots. Drawing largely on scholarly debates in Israel since 1980, which have become known as “historical revisionism”, the collection presents developments in the Arab-Israeli conflict’s historiography and a critical reassessment of Israel’s past.

Few fields can claim to be more energized than the study of the Arab-Israeli conflict. For decades after the founding of Israel, scholars associated with the fledgling state wrote works that defended its every aspect. For example, such historians claimed that Arab states encouraged Palestinians to evacuate the contested areas in 1948. Thus, in these versions, the Arabs caused the refugee problem. This volume focuses on the tremendous outpouring of recent studies that reinterpret the history of this struggle by depicting the Palestinians’ perspective in a far more supportive light. Arguing that they have consulted the archives much more carefully, these scholars have shown, among many other findings, that efforts at solidarity among Arab and Israeli workers went awry because of limits on both sides. Likewise, the 1948 exodus relates significantly to Israeli policy.
Throughout this work, responsibility is more equally shared, and the Palestinians receive more direct attention. Indeed, this volume collects a series of essays with which any serious student of the period will have to grapple before making conclusions.

The First Dynasty of Islam: The Umayyad Caliphate AD 661-750

    • Title: The First Dynasty of Islam: The Umayyad Caliphate AD 661-750
    • Author(s) / Editor(s): G. R Hawting (Author)
    • Publisher: Routledge
    • Year: 2002
    • Edition: 2nd
    • ISBN-10: 0415240727
    • ISBN-13: 978-0415240727
    • Language: English
    • Pages: 176
    • Size / Format: 3,8 mb / pdf
    • Link: www.link.com
    • Password: falastinpress

Description: Gerald Hawting’s book has long been acknowledged as the standard introductory survey of this complex period in Arab and Islamic history. Now it is once more made available, with the addition of a new introduction by the author which examines recent significant contributions to scholarship in the field. It is certain to be welcomed by students and academics alike.

Edward Said

    • Title: Edward Said
    • Author(s) / Editor(s): Bill Ashcroft (Author), Pal Ahluwalia (Author).
    • Publisher: ROUTLEDGE
    • Year: 2000
    • ISBN-10: 0203146689
    • ISBN-13: 978-0203146682
    • Language: English
    • Pages: 176
    • Size / Format: 1,9 mb / pdf
    • Link: www.link.com
    • Password: falastinpress

Description: The Routledge text on Edward Said, by Bill Ashcroft and Pal Ahluwalia, is part of a recent series put out by the Routledge Press, designed under the general editorial direction of Robert Eaglestone (Royal Holloway, University of London), to explore the most recent and exciting ideas in intellectual development during the past century or so. To this end, figures such as Martin Heidegger, Jacques Derrida, Friedrich Nietzsche, Paul Ricoeur, Sigmund Freud and other influential thinkers in critical thought are highlighted in the series, planned to include at least 21 volumes in all.

Ashcroft and Ahluwalia’s text, following the pattern of the others, includes background information on Said and his significance, the key ideas and sources, and Said’s continuing impact on other thinkers. As the series preface indicates, no critical thinker arises in a vacuum, so the context, influences and broader cultural environment are all important as a part of the study, something with which Said might agree.

Why is Said included in this series?

his thought and intellectual influence has extended far beyond to almost every academic field. Particularly in the areas of philosophy, politics, theology, and sociology, Said’s influence will continue to be significant for a number of reasons.

Ashcroft and Ahluwalia’s text is well organised. In the first chapter, she recounts both a brief biographical sketch of Said, as well as the discussion on how Said’s development of ideas impacts the intellectual development of the twentieth century. Said was set to be a relatively intelligent but unknown professor of comparative literature when events in the Middle East, and his own multifaceted identity, propelled him into other arenas. His identity as an American in New York City (a city not unknown for diversity) was challenged as his identification as an Arab seemed to take precedence in light of the Arab/Israeli conflicts – an identity problem that has re-established itself for many in the wake of the post-9/11 bombings. Understanding the importance of culture and its pervasive power through the texts, the writers, the readers, and the understandings of people even without their awareness is crucial to understanding the world, particularly in the increasingly globalised culture.

One of the useful features of the text is the side-bar boxes inserted at various points. For example, during the discussion on Said’s development of orientalism, there are brief discussions, set apart from the primary strand of the text, on the Epistemology, Ontology, Michel Foucault, and Marxism, developing further these topics should the reader not be familiar with them, or at least not in the way with which Said would be working with ideas derived from them. Each section on a key idea spans twenty to thirty pages, with a two-page summary concluding each, which gives a recap of the ideas (and provides a handy reference).

The book is designed so that each chapter can be a stand-alone essay, peripherally related to each other, but not dependent upon any particular order of reading. Should the reader want a quick introduction to Said’s development on culture and imperialism, or an overview of Said’s views on Palestine issues, those can be read independently or out of sequence without any loss of accessibility by the reader. Should this text be used as part of a class, the chapters can be rearranged to suit any number of syllabi patterns.

Part of the problem of putting Said into a series like this is that the series requires the identification of key ideas. Ashcroft and Ahluwalia develops five key areas (as opposed to ideas): Worldiness in texts; Worldiness in critics; Orientalism; Culture as Imperialism; and finally, Palestine. In each of these chapters, Ashcroft and Ahluwalia develop the background, the theory, and some of the problem areas (both in Said and in others) for discussion. All of this is done with a particular emphasis on literary and cultural theory, but the impact of these ideas on other areas, particularly the political, cannot be hidden.

The concluding chapter, After Said, highlights some key areas of development in relation to other thinkers, as well as points of possible exploration for the reader. Said’s ideas of post-colonial theory and the continuing evolution of orientalism are primary features of Said’s work, but in fact it is too early to be speaking of times after Said. Ashcroft and Ahluwalia report that the New York Times recognised Said as one of the most important and influential literary critics alive in 1999; this kind of public acknowledgement doesn’t necessarily secure one’s place in history, but it does speak of his growing influence beyond the narrow confines of a particular academic discipline.

As do the other volumes in this series, Ashcroft and Ahluwalia conclude with an annotated bibliography of works by Said, and works on Said. The works by Said are broken up into topical arrangement, and include articles as well as books.

While this series focuses intentionally upon literary theory, in fact this is only the starting point. For Said (as for others in this series) the expanse is far too broad to be drawn into such narrow guidelines, and the important and impact of the ideas extends out into the whole range of intellectual development. As intellectual endeavours of every sort depend upon language, understanding, and interpretation, the thorough comprehension of how and why we know what we know is crucial.